This year, as we prepare our hearts for Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement, we have walked through Elul and, hopefully, have made ourselves available for repentance before men and our YHWH. For some insight into the process and practice of teshuva, read this article HERE about the month of Elul and the process of repentance.
“At its most basic point, according to the 13th-century Jewish philosopher Maimonides, teshuvah is “returning” to where we have previously failed and doing what we can to ensure we are not making the same mistake a second time.”
After shouting in the Feast of Trumpets with our shofars, we spend 10 days of contemplation and preparation for meeting with YHWH on this solemn, holy day. You can find a discussion about the commands and the observances in What’s A Yom Kippur?
this is to be a permanent regulation for you that on the tenth day of the seventh month you are to deny yourselves and not do any kind of work, both the citizen and the foreigner living with you. 30 For on this day, atonement will be made for you to purify you; you will be clean before Adonai from all your sins. 31It is a Shabbat of complete rest for you, and you are to deny yourselves. This is a permanent regulation.” Leviticus 16:29-31
Yom (Yohm) meaning “day” in Hebrew and Kippur (Ki-poor)from the root word “atone” brings us to what is arguably the holiest day of the Biblical year. With the observance of this festival come the two conjoined fundamentals of repentance and atonement.
The month of Elul, the time period before the Fall Feasts, is known as a time of returning. Of teshuvah, or returning. Since the 14th century, ELUL has been referred to as the acronym:
As we prepare our lives, families, and homes to celebrate the exuberance of Yom Teruah, the solemnity of Yom Kippur, and the jubilant joy of Sukkot, I don’t want to forget to prepare my heart as well. I don’t want to forget who I serve, honor, and obey. Or the One I am intended to reflect to the world.
What does it mean to engage in teshuvah? What does this word mean? Why does it matter?
At its most basic point, according to the 13th-century Jewish philosopher Maimonides, teshuvah is “returning” to where we have previously failed and doing what we can to ensure we are not making the same mistake a second time.
Here are some guidelines for biblical repentance and returning to YHWH and to our fellow man.
“Tell the people of Isra’el, ‘When a man or woman commits any kind of sin against another person and thus breaks faith with Adonai, he incurs guilt. 7 He must confess the sin which he has committed; and he must make full restitution for his guilt, add twenty percent and give it to the victim of his sin.” Numbers 5:6-7 CJB
(All Scripture references from the Complete Jewish Bible unless noted otherwise)
Repentance should be out loud.
“A person guilty of any of these things is to confess in what manner he sinned.”Leviticus 5:5
James wasn’t making a new rule for the body of Messiah. He was referring to the commands of the Torah.
“Therefore, openly acknowledge your sins to one another, and pray for each other, so that you may be healed. The prayer of a righteous person is powerful and effective.” James 5:16
Does this mean we yell our sins to each other in some sort of bizarre exhibitionism? No.
If we have sinned against man, and I promise you that we know when we have, we should go to this man and speak to him. Have we sinned corporately? Confess publicly. We don’t have to make up offenses. We all stumble as we walk. And we know it.
What if we have sinned against YHWH? Again, we know. Confess to Him.
Even though He knows our inward being better than we do, we should speak to Him. We should always speak for there is no way to atonement without confession. There is no understanding of our need for redemption if we do not recognize and verbalize where we have fallen.
Even the High Priest, as he put his hands on the azazel, the scapegoat, had to proclaim over it, confess if you will, the sins of Israel upon its head before releasing it to the wilderness if it is to be a shadow of atonement Yeshua gave for us with His life. (Leviticus 16:21)
Repentance should cost us.
There is a price for sin. There is a price for an offense. We shouldn’t be satisfied with an “I’m sorry” shrug and handshake. If and when we have wronged others we should be diligent to make things right with them. Plus extra. If we have stolen, return what we stole plus 20%. If we have wronged someone on other levels we should work diligently to serve them, at our expense, above and beyond what seems fair.
If we have harmed someone we shouldn’t be satisfied with words only but should serve them with actions, as unto the Lord, without compensation. It is in our selfishness that we sin and, in His strength, we receive the opportunities to walk in generosity. Our rights to hold to our pride are often the very things keeping us from recognizing that we have even sinned in the first place.
But what is repentance?
“Let the wicked person abandon his way and the evil person his thoughts; let him return to Adonai, and he will have mercy on him; let him return to our God, for he will freely forgive.” Isaiah 55:7
Repentance is turning away completely from both the action and the thoughts and returning completely to YHWH.
Moshe went back to Adonai and said, “Please! These people have committed a terrible sin: they have made themselves a god out of gold. Exodus 32:31
He who conceals his sins will not succeed; he who confesses and abandons them will gain mercy. Proverbs 28:13
Repentance is having the courage or even the desperation to speak specifically about your sin, whether before man or YHWH, because your desire for mercy is greater than your passion for your sin.
How do you express repentance?
Grief. Often we are emotionally moved to tears or other expressions as we realize the depth of our own depravity and weakness. That moment of revelation when we see how far we have removed ourselves from openness and unity with YHWH.
Give gifts, donations, or other acts of service. Make restitution to those we have wronged. Don’t know how? Find a way. Do not cease the effort until you do.
Distance ourselves from the thing or area in which we have sinned.
John the Baptist, Yochanan the Immerser, tells us there should always be proof of our repentance.
If you have really turned from your sins, produce fruit that will prove it!!” Luke 3:8a
In reference to true repentance, Maimonides says the repentant is one who has had. “…his identity changed as if saying, ‘I am now another person, and not that person who perpetrated those misdeeds,’ to completely change his conduct for the good and straight path, and to exile himself… because it leads him to submissiveness and to be meek and humble-spirited.”
What leads us to sin? What gives us permission to give in to temptation? Pride. Fear. Anxiety. Lack of trust. Selfishness. Our fallen nature. None of these are excuses to remain in sin. We have a way out.
What are the benefits of repentance?
How blessed are those whose offense is forgiven, those whose sin is covered! Psalm 32:1
He who conceals his sins will not succeed; he who confesses and abandons them will gain mercy. Proverbs 28:13
Mercy and blessing. Future. Hope. Restored relationships with others. Restored relationship with Yeshua. Anointed ministry. Clear communication with the Ruach HaKodesh, the Holy Spirit.
What are you waiting for?
Any time of the year, but especially during this season, return to your beloved. Remember who you are. Remove those things which stand in the way of your worship, your ministry, your relationships with YHWH, and the people in your life. It is work. It should be. But I challenge you to stop being satisfied with your status quo and seek the Lord while He is near. Prepare your hearts to meet Him on His appointed days.
Seek Adonai while he is available, call on him while he is still nearby. Isaiah 55:6
In the spring, on the 14th of Nisan, two weeks after the beginning of the spiritual New Year, the meal begins at dusk. Candles lit, table set, the story laid out one more time. We gather friends and family close.
More than likely we’ve spent the week before this day furiously cleaning out cupboards and wiping down shelves in an attempt to keep the command of “removing all the leaven” from our homes. We made the food, some custom and some ceremonial, set the table, made sure all was in order for this most wonderful of the feasts.
The temptation to fall exhausted into our chairs before rushing through the story is real. Believe me, I’ve done it.
Haggadah, the telling, takes focus and intention. We have a command to tell the story to our children and our children’s children. It takes effort.
Our story starts before creation by a faithful God who knew we’d need Him and continues in Egypt many years after Joseph has died. Burdened by the slave master’s demands the Hebrew children toil and labor in despair. Moses and Aaron come to save the day and challenge the authority of Pharaoh through a series of impossible miracles until finally we find the Israelites at the tail end of an ecological apocalypse and the Egyptians hanging by a ragged thread to what remained of their livestock, their health, and for many, the religious traditions they had relied on for generations.
The fearsome Hebrew God wreaked havoc on them and, apparently, He wasn’t quite done.
“Then Moshe called for all the leaders of Isra’el and said, “Select and take lambs for your families, and slaughter the Pesach lamb. 22 Take a bunch of hyssop leaves and dip it in the blood which is in the basin, and smear it on the two sides and top of the door-frame. Then, none of you is to go out the door of his house until morning. 23 For Adonai will pass through to kill the Egyptians; but when he sees the blood on the top and on the two sides, Adonai will pass over the door and will not allow the Slaughterer to enter your houses and kill you. 24 You are to observe this as a law, you and your descendants forever.” Exodus 12:21-24 CJB
While many did obey, there were definitely many who did not for “there was horrendous wailing in Egypt”.
But for all that loss and grief the celebration of Pesach, Passover, is not told for those who did not obey but for those who did. The obedient were delivered from oppression and released into an adventure grander than they could have ever imagined.
The former slaves walked by faith behind a leader they knew marginally and trusted even less, they walked through towering walls of water, under the pillar of fire turning sand to glass beneath it, and rested overshadowed by the cloud that led them continued offering shelter from the sweltering wilderness heat.
Manna from heaven, and water from stones, the shofar of YHVH resounding off the mountain, fire on the peaks, building a place of worship. The luminous glory of God on the face of their leader.
Discipline and delight as they were transformed from a ragtag group of slaves into a people called by His Name.
Passover is the beginning of the story and the only way a story of redemption can start. This is why it must be told. So we do not forget we were once slaves but have been set free for a higher purpose.
We who were once in bondage have been released into destiny. Though the enemy pursues us, still, our God is faithful to keep us. He is the only One who can. Why would we not tell the story?
Yes, we fall and we fail. We resent the change. We remember the comfort of living in chains and our rebellious hearts lead us to disobey the very thing we agreed to just the day before.
Still He is faithful.
Long before we ever experience the joy of the Promised Land we must reconcile with the incomprehensible love of a God who seeks us when we are lost and finds us worth delivering when we would have settled for more slavery.
As the story continues and the night deepens, we breathe deep and settle into the cushions of our chair. The freedom to rest in this moment cascades over us and the cups of sanctification, plagues, redemption, lead us to the natural expression of our faith, praise.
The meal concludes with a song. We praise a God who has delivered us. Our infinite Creator has seen our weakness and has declared us worth saving.
The candles gutter out, the wine glasses smudged and empty, linens and crumbs litter the table. Flushed cheeks, soft eyes, loved ones drawn near, the reality of our deliverance is more real, more tangible, than possibly any other time of the year.
Velvet darkness draws us into rest. We have begun the Feast of Unleavened Bread, looking toward First Fruits and the exhuberant supernatural redeeming life of the Risen Messiah, Yeshua, is woven through it all.
There might be some of you coming to get a primer on how to practically observe Shabbat and when you find a philosophical conversation about the heart of it you are more than a little overwhelmed.
This is for you.
Firstly. What does the Word of God say about Shabbat and how does He wish for us to honor Him during this time?
He gave us an example in Genesis 2:1-3 where he “ceased from His labors and rested”. It’s that simple.
But you have toddlers and critters who get hungry! The dishes pile up and you want to pull your hair out because the mess causes such anxiety you can’t rest.
Exodus 20:6 has an outline. “Six days shall you labor and do all your work.”
All of it?
If you had a special day planned for your family and you knew, beyond all doubt, that you needed to get it done by a certain time so you could enjoy the day with them, wouldn’t you do all your work ahead of time? We must not only learn but commit to reorient our lives around the Biblical timeline and not be slaves to the calendar that is dictated by our urgency and our anxiety.
Shabbat starts at sundown on the sixth day so check your weather app to find out when that is. Then plan your week and days accordingly. Sabbath is NOT a burden but rearranging your life to be different from what has been always your practice CAN be hard.
Don’t confuse the two truths. Sabbath is not hard. Turning the ship around is.
So, now you know when it starts.
Secondly. You’ve organized yourself and you are as ready as you can be. The sunsets and NOW WHAT?!?!
Many families will make a special dinner, light candles, bake a twisted/braided egg bread, drink wine or grape juice, and give thanks to YHVH as they pray over one another. There are ancient Hebrew blessings that offer thanks to the Father for His guidance and provision of the light, the wine, and the bread. All of these actions set the day apart as they begin to celebrate. And it can be lovely. And it can be overwhelming. And it can easily become rote and religious.
What do you HAVE to do?
The command is that the Sabbath, the seventh day, is “a Sabbath unto the Lord” (Exdus 20:10). So it’s not just a day off from toil it is a day that belongs not solely to us but also to Him and He has a specific plan for it.
“You are to remember that you were a slave in the land of Egypt, and Adonai your God brought you out from there with a strong hand and an outstretched arm. Therefore Adonai your God has ordered you to keep the day of Shabbat.” Deuteronomy 5:15
Remember your freedom from bondage and accept your privilege to set this day aside for God’s purposes.
A few ideas are as follows:
Make the time to study the Word together.
Families and congregations all over the world study the Torah portions on this day. This is a great resource to help you know what those Scriptures are.
Listen to worship music and read inspiring stories/books
Slow down and take time to fellowship and engage with one another
As YHVH did in the Garden, take the day to enjoy creation
What about all the things? The bread. The wine. The candles. The sayings in Hebrew.
Are they necessary?
To me, they can be a beautiful and elegant tradition loosely based on some aspect of Temple worship but they are NOT required for the honest observation of Shabbat. That being said, they can be a wonderful way of setting the time apart within the context of the humdrum of the week.
Seated in my clean house around a beautiful table setting, a lovely home-cooked meal steaming, my sparkling glass, and a ruby wine refracting candlelight is a balm to my soul. Beauty speaks to us and the effort to make our Shabbat time as special as we can is a way we can choose to honor the Father.
However, these things do not make it a more valuable and godly Sabbath than the ones where we crawl to the finish line, crash on the couch, and cry “UNCLE!” from the week that was.
Our heart’s desire is to honor God and hold His timetable sacred. Special. An unmoving cornerstone in our life.
What is prohibited? What CAN’T you do on Shabbat?
That is not an easy question to answer in our current world and, as those who do not live in the Land of Israel, it seems there are varying conversations.
The teachings about how to be observant can be fairly lax in a modern reformed synagogue or more western church type environment. And that laxness can be a stark contrast with the extreme legality of orthodoxy that can be as rigid as portioning out your toilet paper ahead of time.
How do I prepare for Shabbat?
In a perfect week, I begin preparing myself for cleaning/food preparation/spiritual insights by Wednesday at the latest. I do grocery shopping, prepare meals ahead of time, clean the house, and plan the menu for Friday evening. In an imperfect week, some but not all of those things get done and I am deeply grateful for His grace that can carry me beyond my lack and weakness.
What doesn’t change is whether or not we stop our regular work when the sun goes down. We do. Unless a crisis presents itself.
On Shabbat, our personal observance is reflective of doing no “ordinary work”. I don’t clean house, fold clothing, garden, or spend time on secular entertainments. We will study the Torah portion, perhaps watch or listen to teaching when we aren’t meeting with our community, and rest. Often lengthy conversations about all kinds of things will organically evolve over coffee because there is no other pressing matter to keep us preoccupied.
Another aspect of our Sabbath-keeping is to refrain from commerce on Sabbath unless there is an urgent need. This is, for us, a desire not only to prevent engaging in selfish pursuit but to also not ask someone else to work FOR me on the Sabbath. To not CREATE work for others during our day offered to the Lord.
We have grown, through the years, in our observance and understanding of the Father’s heart in the keeping of His special day. Things that have become standard for us were once awkward and clunky, painful and overwhelming. But Abba has been faithful to us.
He will guide you too as you seek to honor Him in His Shabbat.
Sabbath, Shabbat, is so much more than just a mandated period of time set aside for people to stress over things they can’t do while forcing themselves to sit still and “honor the Lord”.
People who don’t have time to Sabbath often find themselves overworked, exhausted, anxious, and filled with resentment over all the things that demand their time. That is who I was before I was given the opportunity to set aside the Sabbath as an immovable object in the way I live and function here on earth.
Free men get to self-determine. Slaves are bound to the will of their master. Free men can take a day off. Slaves never do.
If you can’t take a day off? You aren’t as free as you think you are.
The Seventh Day of Rest, Shabbat, is a reflection of the heart of YHVH. In the beginning, He took a pause from His creative work to enjoy what His hands had created. Specifically, He looked at mankind and was pleased with us. We are very good to Him.
The longer I study Torah, seeking to examine Scripture with an open heart, the more I am reminded how relational our heavenly Father is. His purpose in creating and seating us in the midst of a beautiful, luscious garden was to provide us with the atmosphere to be enjoyed while we grow and enjoy His fellowship. Adam and Eve, the first of humanity, were placed in perfection and their only requirements were to have dominion over His creation and walk with each other and with Him.
It was literally their occupation to manage His creation and to be available for communion with God.
We all know the story. They chose otherwise and that perfect world was plunged into chaos and anguish. The fall of man led to pain and death, separation and isolation, fear, and darkness. Cast from the garden into hard work, sacrifice, and, most profoundly, alienation from the Creator, it seemed as though all was lost.
The most profound statement in all of human history.
God was not willing for us to remain in isolation and distress. He immediately began implementing His plan for redemption. An eternally hopeful divine way of reconciling his now fallen creation with Himself in holiness and relationship. This plan had been in the works from the beginning.
The idea of Sabbath rest permeates Scripture. From the creation account to Hebrews we are consistently reminded that peace and rest are His design for us and striving and pain are aspects of the will of man in tangible practice.
Sabbath is where life begins. Quietly, peacefully, intentionally walking with Him in the moments He set aside. Sabbath was made for us.
In Matthew 12 Yeshua is found walking through fields as His disciples, the cohanim, began eating of the grain because they were hungry. Predictably, the leading religious leaders soundly rebuked Him and tried to find fault with Him.
His reply? “If you knew what ‘I want compassion rather than animal-sacrifice’ meant, you would not condemn the innocent. For the Son of Man is Lord of the Shabbat!” (Matthew 12:7-8)
They were “harvesting” on the Sabbath!!!! How could they be innocent? And what does compassion, animal sacrifice, picking a few grains on Saturday, and Yeshua have in common anyway?
The cohanim were hungry so they ate. He had compassion on them to preserve their life. He didn’t require more effort, more loss, more blood. More works. He chose to have compassion on them.
Who has the authority to define the Sabbath?
Only the One who set this day apart, the Creator of the Sabbath, Himself, can define this day and make declarations about it.
Of all the things we often try to make Sabbath mean when explaining ourselves to people who have no revelation of this truth, do we share the life our Messiah chose to focus on? He chose Life. Because it’s all about life. It’s always been about life.
The animal sacrifice, the very first one, was at the time of Adam and Eve’s fall. The animal’s blood, a foreshadowing of Messiah’s sacrifice and redeeming blood, covered their sin, the furs covered their shame, and, as they were cast out, their lives began to count down.
Only the Lord of the Sabbath could say otherwise. Only the One who would redeem them could possibly intervene and transform their bleak new normal into a glimpse of the Garden.
As centuries progressed and the observance of Torah went from story to myth to legend in the minds and hearts of men the importance placed on rote symbology took the place of the original relationship. Mankind chose to forget the time when a grieving Father covered His children both figuratively and literally, and began the work of tirelessly pursuing them to restore relationship with Him and the hope of life everlasting.
Yeshua staked His claim on Shabbat. It wasn’t the 3rd day or the 6th day or the 2nd. It was the 7th day and it mattered to Him. It mattered enough for him to take that moment of admonition and move from the field to the synagogue where they sat in pious observance. In His authority He healed the man with the shriveled hand and once more affirmed the importance God places on human life.
“Looking for a reason to accuse him of something, they asked him, “Is healing permitted on Shabbat?” But he answered, “If you have a sheep that falls in a pit on Shabbat, which of you won’t take hold of it and lift it out? How much more valuable is a man than a sheep! Therefore, what is permitted on Shabbat is to do good.” (Matthew 12: 10b-12)
This day matters to Him and, its original intent, to reflect upon His creation and enjoy His company, to bring life, had been perverted into a wall of text and more rules than one would think possible for a single 24 hour period. This was the heavy sacrifice that brought death to relationship and judgment instead of compassion.
The elevation of man’s ideals over the significance of humanity’s relationship with their Faithful Creator desecrated the covenant He was devoted to restoring.
This hopeless idealism manifests in our brokenness, our spiral toward death. We have spent millennia wandering away from the Garden of His care and His fellowship.
Hosea 6:6 is a difficult passage. The Lord clearly and precisely reveals the waywardness and rebellion of His people. They had broken the covenant. Murder, greed, faithlessness, immorality… Struck down, cut to pieces by the Lord, they were a grotesque shadow of their promised identity if they had only obeyed. Their sins led them to atrocities but His heart remained the same and He was faithful enough to keep them from continuing beyond their ability to return.
He wants relationship through the intangibles of mercy, compassion, love and the touch-stones of conscious obedience as we commit ourselves to the knowledge of YHVH through his Torah and the rest of Scripture.
Both of those elements, Spirit and Truth, come from an intentional pursuit of being restored to relationship with the Creator. All that is necessary for abundant life.
And since the whole point of our faith is to LIVE, then it seems a simple transition that truly living starts with making time for Him and meeting Him when He is ready to be found.
He is found by those who seek Him. He is found within His appointed times. Sabbath, the New Moon, His Feasts.
“For in six days, Adonai made heaven and earth, the sea and everything in them; but on the seventh day he rested. This is why Adonai blessed the day, Shabbat, and separated it for himself.” Exodus 20:8
We don’t make it holy. To think that we, as we are, can be invited to participate with Him is amazing. We don’t deserve it. But we desperately need it.
We have been invited to enter into a holy space in time to be renewed and refreshed. To find life again in a culture, a sinful world, steeped in death. Our Creator knows we need rest and communion and, for those who walk in it, the benefits cannot be overstated.
We don’t reconcile ourselves to God, we couldn’t possibly. He took that on and redeems us through His blood. This is unchangeable truth. Yet we tend to lose direction, wander, find other things that fill our minds and lives. The observance and keeping of a weekly, physical, practical Shabbat reorients our lives to a posture that keeps our focus on Him, the bringer of life, and the One who has never given up on our redemption.
He is our Salvation. Our Shalom. Our Rest. Our Hope.
“It is to be a permanent regulation for you that on the tenth day of the seventh month you are to deny yourselves and not do any kind of work, both the citizen and the foreigner living with you. 30 For on this day, atonement will be made for you to purify you; you will be clean before Adonai from all your sins. 31It is a Shabbat of complete rest for you, and you are to deny yourselves. This is a permanent regulation.” Leviticus 16:29-31
Yom (Yohm) meaning “day” in Hebrew and Kippur (Ki-poor)from the root word “atone” bring us to what is arguably the holiest day of the Biblical year. With the observance of this festival come the two conjoined fundamentals of repentance and atonement. This day falls in autumn following Rosh Hoshanah/Yom Teruah or the Feast of Trumpets and is directly preceded by the 10 Days of Awe.
By now we have spent the month of Elul preparing our hearts. We have repented of wrongdoing, bitterness, seeking to distance ourselves from anything which damages relationships with others and especially those elements which could be a barrier in our relationship with Yahweh Elohim. With the gift of forgiveness and grace we have joyfully cast our sins on Him knowing He longs for us to return to Him with greater fervor than we could ever return. During the 10 Days we have spent time considering and evaluating all that remains within us.
All the soul searching and seeking, praying and thoughtful contemplation culminate on Tishrei 10 (September 28th, 2020) with a 24 hour period of concentrated prayer, fasting (in whichever method you believe is appropriate), and, as believers in Yeshua Ha Maschiach, the Messiah Yeshua, we express our profound gratitude for His grace and redemption. Forever. A “permanent regulation”.
So what happened, during ancient Biblical times, on this sacred day? The first action of the High Priest was to mikveh, wash, and put on clean linen clothes.
Two goats were brought to the tabernacle or temple and the High Priest would cast lots over which of the two would be sacrificed. A tongue-shaped piece of scarlet cloth was tied to the horn of the Azazel or scapegoat and that goat was set before the people to wait until all their sins were laid upon him by the priest. As the goat waited, the offering of the sacrifice of a bullock would take place and only then could the High Priest step into the Holy of Holies, the Kadosh Kodashim.
The first time the High Priest enters to burn incense, representing the prayers of the priests. He enters a second time with the blood of the bullock and the third time to sprinkle the blood of the goat on the mercy seat.
When sprinkling the blood, he also casts it toward (but not on) the veil, the altar of incense, and the burnt-offering. It is now time for the High Priest to lay the personal sins and guilt of all the people on the scapegoat, make confession over it, and the goat is led away to die, Sometimes the goat pushed over a precipice to ensure its death as it was important that it did not come back to camp as the people perceived it as carrying the sins of the people.
Then the High Priest would mikveh, wash, a second time, put on his other clothes, enter the Holy of Holies one last time and offer the burnt offering and other sacrifices.
This command, given to Moses, has been observed for millennia and, naturally, various traditions and methods of observance have come from those times. Some based on clear biblical directions and some, in the post-Temple era, are naturally based on rabbinic interpretation and even simple expediency.
To be sure, it is not easy to understand, in modern times, what we are to do about the Azazel (scapegoat) and the command to release one goat to the desert and one goat to be sacrificed for the sins of the people. It is not easy for us to understand and not needful for our sanctification and redemption.
“But when the Messiah appeared as Cohen haGadol (High Priest) of the good things that are happening already, then, through the greater and more perfect Tent which is not man-made (that is, it is not of this created world), He entered the Holiest Place once and for all.” Hebrews 9:11-14
He entered not by means of the blood of goats and calves, but by his own blood, thus setting people free forever. If sprinkling ceremonially unclean persons with the blood of goats and bulls and the ashes of a heifer was capable of restoring their outward purity; then how much more powerful is the blood of the Messiah, who, through the eternal Holy Spirit, offered Himself to God as a sacrifice. A holy sacrifice without blemish that will purify our conscience from works that lead to death so that we can serve the living God in unity and restored relationship.
“24 “For the Messiah has entered a Holiest Place which is not man-made and merely a copy of the true one, but into heaven itself, in order to appear now on our behalf in the very presence of God.25 Further, he did not enter heaven to offer himself over and over again, like the cohen hagadol who enters the Holiest Place year after year with blood that is not his own; 26 for then he would have had to suffer death many times — from the founding of the universe on. But as it is, he has appeared once at the end of the ages in order to do away with sin through the sacrifice of himself.”Hebrews 9:24-26
The parallels of the ancient command and our Messiah’s shed blood and the transference of our sin to His shoulders are stunningly precise. Obviously our Messiah’s sacrifice was the plan all along and the hope of all the ages. As believers, we walk in confidence since we have been covered by His blood and our sins are washed away. We can boldly approach the throne of grace is our birthright because of Messiah’s perfect sacrifice.
“God made this sinless man to be a sin offering on our behalf, so that in union with Him we might fully share in God’s righteousness.” 2 Corinthians 5:21
Animal sacrifices were never intended to be enough. The plan for our atonement was always the blood of Messiah, His perfect sacrifice, and His willingness to carry our sin. He “…entered, not into holy places made with hands, which are copies of true things, but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God on our behalf.” Hebrews 9:24. Not over and over again, annually, but once and for all.
Recognizing this incredible gift, we gather together on Yom Kippur, this Day of Atonement, solemnly reflecting on our great need for a Savior and His great love for us, and worship. For we have been redeemed. We have been made clean. And it is our Yom Kippur.
As we often do, this year we celebrated with a feast of food, friends, fellowship, worship, and, of course, the blowing of shofars.
This ancient instrument, formed from the discarded or removed horn of a ram or goat, is the favorite worship instrument of many messianic and Hebrew roots believers. The window rattling blasts resonate off the walls and, in our outside country venue, probably terrified more than a few coyotes and neighbor dogs.
T’kiah! Shevarim! Teruah!
The long blast, the three wailing blasts, the nine staccato blasts all represent the calls both spiritual and physical echoing around the world on Tishrei 1 and 2 of the new year 5781.
We call Yom Teruah the Feast of Trumpets but it is more honestly called “The Feast of Shouting”.
Teruahתְּרוּעָה is an interesting word.
It is a blast of warning, of war, of getting your attention. But it is also a shout of joy as per a religious impulse and, just a simple shout of joy. It is a clamor of joy or a battle-cry.
In addition to the command to blow the trumpet, to shout, this feast is a memorial. It exists to give an opportunity to remember. (Leviticus 23:24 “Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, In the seventh month, in the first day of the month, shall ye have a sabbath, a memorial of blowing of trumpets, an holy convocation.”)
What are we to remember?
Well, the word “memorial” isn’t just what we understand in modern terms. It is zik-ron זִכָּרוֹן and it also means “reminder”.
Exodus 13 uses this same word when Moses addresses the children of Israel and reminds them of their deliverance from Egypt and the purpose of Passover (Pesach) as a time of remembrance.
In truth all the feasts have an element of both reminder and remembrance in them.
Before the time of Yeshua, the Spring feasts (Passover, Unleavened Bread, First Fruits, and Shavuot) were an annual reminder of His promised arrival as well as a remembrance of the way He had delivered them, provided for them, and made them His own people.
After Yeshua fulfilled those holy days they became a time to remember His redemption and deliverance, the outpouring of His Spirit, and the purpose and directives for His Body in the world.
The Fall Feasts, pointing to the arrival of a King, the White Throne Judgment, and His dwelling with us on earth, are now accomplishing that role. In much the same way as our ancient forefathers once looked toward Yeshua, we now look for His return and all He has promised us as He establishes His kingdom on earth.
If that isn’t a reason to shout for joy? I don’t think I know what is.
This IS a Feast of SHOUTING and of rejoicing. A Feast of Trumpets calling us to battle, to worship, to awaken, to remember, and to be reminded of our Great King and Messiah, Yeshua.